雅思听力场景分析之图书馆场景

2018-01-29编辑: 天空来自: 互联网

  图书管场景题通常出现在Table-filling图表完成题中. 在做图书馆这类题的时候,可以按照下面的四个步骤来进行: 读试题指引和问题, 聆听综合资料,听重要字句,最后写答案. 在正式聆听前,会有时间阅读试题,应趁这段时间预测将会听到的内容。对测验内容的预测愈准确分数会愈高。比如预测会有多少人说话,他们会做什么,说什么和会用什么字。通常来说图书馆里面可能发生的事情就是借书,还书, 找人,自习等等.实际上这些内容我们可以预料70%.

  例题分析:

  材料节选:

  The British Library has a number of constituent parts. The major sections of the organization known as the British Library are the Library of the British Museum, Patent Office, National Central Library, and the British Library Document Supply Centre.

  The Department of Printed Books of the British Museum was founded in the same year of the foundation of the British museum, in 1753. The library has the privilege of legal deposit, which means that a copy of a large proportion of all printed material in the U.K. goes to the British Library. These include not only books, journals and magazines, but also newspapers, maps and printed music.

“雅思听力场景分析之图书馆”

  The British Museum’s domed Reading Room is well known in intellectual circles, and was designed in the 1850s at the instigation of Sir Anthony Panizzi, then Chief Librarian. Originally the Reading room was open to the general public, but, due to overcrowding, a pass was required for admission. In addition to Vladimir Lenin, other famous readers in this exclusive place of study included Karl Marx, and the writers Charles Dickens, George Bernard Shaw and Virginia Woolf.

  The British Library Document Supply Centre currently administers a stock of over 260,000 journal titles, over 3 million books, almost 500,000 conference proceedings and nearly 5,000,000 scientific reports. Its 20,000customers from all over the world make about 4,000,000 requests every year.

  Thanks to the Internet, customers can now access information and services online as document supply is achieved via electronic means. The British Library’s website is www.bl.uk.

  The British Library

  Commenced operation: 1st July 1973

  ---Library of the British Museum

  ---Patent Office Library

  Four main constituent parts: 1.__________________________

  ----British Library Document

  Supply Centre

  British Museum founded in (year): 2. ___________________________

  ----books,

  -----journals and magazines

  The British Library receives a copy of many: 3.______________________________

  ------maps, and

  4. Printed________________

  Famous users of the 5_____________________: Lenin Karl Marx, Charles Dickens, George Bernard Shaw and Virginia Woolf

  The British Library Document Supply Centre 6_________________________

  has almost 5 million:

  British Library website URL: 7. www._________________________

  解析:

  1. 在做这道题目的时候, 可以先看问题然后再着手去听去做. 这样可以带着问题去做题. 效果更好,对的百分比也会比较大.

  2. 要正确分清词汇的意思,要注意到重复和强调的单词. 还应该在留意聆听一条问题的答案时注意下一条问题,如不先看下一条问题,当不幸地错过一个答案的时候,会跟不上整段内容,当下一条问题的答案出现时,也许还在等上一条问题的答案。

  3. 这点一定要切记,尤其是再做这种图表题的时候. 最后是要留意记号字或句子的出现和语气音调突然转变,这样可以帮助注意什么时候转问题。还有就是要多多注意数字信号词等,像上面标出的蓝色字体都是文章中重要的信息点. 文章总最后出现了The British Library’s website is www.bl.uk,这样的词汇要多多注意,所以最后一题的答案可以轻松获得了.

  4. 锻炼“回忆”重要信息的能力。理论上我们是有可能将所有听力段落适时听写下来的。曾经听说速记员能一字不漏记录对话信息,只要经过培训,任何人都可以做到这一点。虽然我们对英语的听力水平远远达不到母语的听力程度。回忆听力内容,不是要尽力回忆“一切”信息,而是在note-taking的基础上,有选择地回忆主要情节,段落结构,关键定义,名称或日期等重要信息点。

  答案:

  1. National Central Library

  2. 1753

  3. newspapers

  4. (printed) music

  5. Reading Room

  6. scientific reports

  7. bl.uk

  这样图书馆的题目就轻松完成了. 总之,要掌握技巧去回答问题,把握文章的总体脉络,集中精力去找信号词,获得有意义的信息点,相信雅思听力高分将悄然而至.

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