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雅思写作:没有新意?

2019-08-16编辑: 环球教育整理来自: 环球教育整理

  众所周知,雅思考试的写作题目无论是大作文题目还是小作文题目都是有可能在考场中屡次和大家见面的。这也就是为什么很多雅思考生在备考阶段喜欢刷历年考试真题。原因很简单,只要缘分到了,你在考场中遇到的那道题,可能是你写作课上老师讲的,也可能是你课后的作业,还可能是你看到了但是觉得不重要而忽视了的那个题。

  很多时候,一道题会在几年间多次和考生们见面。而今天,我们来聊的同样也是考生们感觉很面熟的一个题目。

  今年的7月18日,内地考区的大作文题目为:

  The restoration of old buildings in major cities around the world requires enormous expenditure. Some people think the money should be spent on providing new housing and roads. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  其实本题在2018年02月同样是在内地考区就和大家见过面。雅思考试就是这么神奇,缘分到了,避也避不开,躲也躲不掉。

  这道题其实难度有限,从提问方式的角度来分析,是一个典型的同意与否类的题目。当然了,题干中其实暗含着一个对比逻辑。题干第二句话的the money告诉大家本题讨论的是这笔钱究竟是应该用来修缮老建筑,还是去修建新住宅和道路。只要把题干中的这个逻辑分析清楚,本题就再无其他难度可言。对于雅思写作题目比较了解的小伙伴肯定很熟悉这种出题路数。在双边讨论类的题目中,这种逻辑比比皆是。

  简单地写个例文,供各位参考

  (重点参考写作素材而非框架,下文有详细说明)

  Admittedly, many governments, in contemporary world, are spending a great deal of tax payers’ money on restoring some historical buildings. As a result, some of tax payers argue that doing so is obviously the waste of financial resources, and those funds from governments ought to be utilized for constructing new housing and roads. From my perspective, why those people are having this misconception is because they for certain ignore what those old buildings mean to people.

  开头段还是比较常见的套路。先是介绍背景,再由此点明主题。随后再强调笔者的立场。

  Primarily, old buildings are definitely historically meaningful for our society. Those buildings constructed many years ago witnessed quite a few significant historical events. Visiting buildings like this can remind people of what happened long time ago, cultivate people’s interest in history, and impart them historical knowledge and philosophy. On top of this, those buildings embody the wisdom of our ancestors. Historians nowadays are able to research traditions, customs and cultures in the ancient time by analyzing the architecture, raw materials and design of old buildings. Most importantly, those buildings are playing irreplaceable roles for the promotion and inheritance of our cultures and history. After being restored, those buildings can serve as tourist attractions in order to let visitors from all over the world have a chance to be close to our cultures and history.

  主一段,并列了三个观点,分别从不同角度来说明修缮这些老建筑的重要意义。在这里要简要说明一下这么写的原因。其实这个主一段略长了,在大部分这类题目中(题干中含有比较逻辑)关于讨论对象一和讨论对象二的写作篇幅最好是对等处理,比较容易理解也比较容易被接受。笔者这里把主一段大篇幅突出的原因就是在授课过程中,笔者发现大部分烤鸭都觉得应该保护老建筑,但是又言而无物。所以,笔者在这里多写了一些,只求给大家一个参考而已。

  On the other hand, unquestionably building new housing and roads are able to facilitate residents’ lives and elevate their living standards. With the unprecedented trend of urbanization, the population of major cities is ever-increasing. To accommodate more people, cities surely require more housing. Similarly, roads as infrastructure for traffic are certainly needed as well.

  由于主一段就修缮老建筑的意义展开过多,占据了相当的篇幅。主二段的篇幅就比预想的短了许多。其实在真实的考试中,这种写法并不算太可取。对于大部分考生而言,本题的两个讨论对象应该占据差不多的篇幅。如果想延长本段,其实也很简单。就是将修建住宅和道路分开说。一方面解决城市化带来的人口增长的问题。另一方面解决城市病之一堵车。这样一来,全文的框架看着更合理更容易被接受。当然,本文主一长,主二短,主要是想让读者对“保护老建筑”这件事影响深刻而已。

  In summary, it is undoubted that the fiscal plan of governments should cover both expenditures for restoring old buildings and constructing new housing and roads. It is distinctly harebrained and ill-considered that governments embezzle the funds for old buildings to invest in new housing and roads.

  由于前文的讨论,本文结论部分非常清晰。

  那就是:这两方面都值得政府花钱,忽略了哪一方面都不可取。

  希望本文的写作素材可助各位屠鸭成功!

  


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